Bleeding Gums: Causes and Treatments

Bleeding gums can cause too much discomfort. They are the most common sign of gum disease, which can lead to loss of teeth. However, bleeding gums can also be an indication of other health issues. In this article, we explore the causes and treatment of bleeding gums.

Causes of Bleeding Gums

Bleeding gums can be a result of the following:

  • Vigorous brushing or flossing– when you brush or floss too vigorously, the rough mechanical action may damage or irritate the delicate oral tissues and result in bleeding gums.
  • Periodontal disease– If you allow plaque to accumulate below the gum line, it may lead to gum irritation, a condition called gum disease or periodontal disease. The primary symptom of periodontal disease is bleeding gums.
  • Vitamin K deficiency– Vitamin K is essential for blood clotting. Hence, a Vitamin K deficiency can result in bleeding gums.
  • Smoking or chewing tobacco– Smokers are more prone to tartar compared to non-smokers. The tartar, combined with toxic effects of the tobacco, makes smokers more susceptible to gum disease.
  • Hormones– High levels of some hormones can lead to an increased level of fluids in the gum tissue (gingiva). The fluids can make the gums red, tender, and swollen.

Other common causes of bleeding gums include autoimmune disorders, leukemia, and certain over-the-counter medications.

Treatment For Bleeding Gums

There are several ways to help improve your oral health and stop bleeding gums. Here are some simple and effective tips.

  • Regular brushing– Brush your teeth regularly with a soft-bristled toothbrush in a circular motion. This practice stimulates the gums, strengthens the tissues that protect your teeth, and helps avert bleeding gums.
  • Floss daily– Flossing helps to eliminate plaque and food particles that accumulate under the gum line and result in bleeding gums.
  • Quit smoking– Tobacco use is harmful to your gums. It can also make you more prone to gum disease.
  • Lead a healthy lifestyle– Be sure to eat a balanced diet and avoid snacking between meals. Also, avoiding stressful situations can help avert gum disease.

In conclusion, you should visit your dentist at least twice a year for a checkup and professional cleaning. These steps will help maintain good oral health and prevent bleeding gums.

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